CHINAChina is a country in Asia. Its most important neighbouring countries are North Korea, Russia, Pakistan, India, Nepal and Vietnam. In addition to its capital, Beijing (Peking), China hosts many other metropolises, including Shanghai and Guangzhou (Canton). Within the country’s borders lie the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau and the autonomous regions of Tibet, Inner Mongolia, Guangxi, Ningxia and Xinjiang.
China’s territory extends over numerous thousands of islands, of which Hainan is the largest. China boasts the largest population of any country in the world.
One of the most important, if not the most important, attractions in China is the Great Wall of China. Stretching over some 6,500 kilometres – its exact length is still not known – from Shanhaiguan in the east to the desert city of Jiayuguan in the west, the wall is 6 metres wide and 7.5 metres high and features fortresses, watchtowers and gatehouses. The wall was formed by joining up numerous existing fortifications into one massive defensive wall to protect against invasion from the north. The Great Wall of China was designated a World Heritage Site in 1987.
In addition to the Great Wall of China, the country boasts of a great many major tourist attractions, including in cities like Kunming, Shanghai, Suzhou and Xi’an.
Beijing, China’s enormous capital, has as much of three thousand years of history. And yet the city is as widely known for its modern architecture as for its antiquity, including the overwhelming Forbidden City, the imperial palace of the Ming and Qing emperors. Close to the Forbidden City is Tiananmen Square, a pedestrian access-only square containing the Mausoleum of Mao Zedong and the National Museum of China, which has an extensive collection of cultural relics on display.
|1.349.585.838 – Bejing (Peking): 19.612.368 – Guangzhou (Canton): 8.525 million|
|Language||Several languages, most spoken Mandarin Chinese|
|Chinese Yuan Renminbi (CNY)|
|Traffic||Left-hand traffic (Chinese license required)|